The incidence of sexually transmitted infections in the Moscow region: epidemiological trends based on the results of 2021

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Abstract

Due to the restrictive epidemiological measures introduced in connection with the widespread spread of the new coronavirus infection SARS-CoV-2 in the period from late 2019 to mid 2021, the epidemiology of socially significant infections in the subjects of the Russian Federation has undergone significant changes. Among the obvious factors that can influence morbidity rates, it is possible to indicate the limitation of the volume of planned medical care to the population and the reduction of migration processes.

Analysis of the incidence of socially significant infections that pose a danger to others during the period of epidemic trouble in the country due to COVID-19 and after the abolition of all restrictive measures allows us to identify the most significant factors in the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections.

The dynamics of the main indicators of the incidence of sexually transmitted infections, its structure, detection activity demonstrate: how the self-isolation regime and the reduction in the availability of planned medical care to the population for even a short time can change the trends of the epidemic process, worsening the epidemiological well-being in the territory of the subject as a whole, and affect population health indicators; at the same time, what factors make the greatest contribution to the spread of sexually transmitted infections when quarantine restrictions are lifted.

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About the authors

Nataliya V. Makhneva

Moscow Regional Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary

Author for correspondence.
Email: makhneva@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6238-1804
SPIN-code: 5971-9686

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.)

Russian Federation, 61/2 building 2 Shchepkina str., Moscow, 129110

Alla A. Almazova

Moscow Regional Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary; Moscow Scientific and Practical Center of Dermatovenereology and Cosmetology

Email: almazova_sonya@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2900-5756
SPIN-code: 2140-5255

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Associate Professor

Russian Federation, Moscow; Moscow

References

  1. Kotova EG, Kobyakova OS, Starodubov VI, et al. Resources and activities of medical organizations of dermatovenerological profile. In: Incidence of sexually transmitted infections, infectious skin diseases and skin diseases: statistical materials. Moscow: Central Research Institute of Organization and Informatization of Healthcare of the Ministry of Health of Russia; 2022. 208 p. (In Russ).
  2. Smelov PA, Nikitina SYu, Ageeva LI, et al. Healthcare in Russia-2021: statistical collection. Moscow: Rosstat; 2021. 170 p. (In Russ).
  3. Syphilis. Clinical recommendations (Approved by the Scientific and Practical Council of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation). Moscow: Russian Society of Dermatovenerologists and Cosmetologists; 2020. 102 p. (In Russ).

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
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1. Fig. 1. Dynamics of the incidence of sexually transmitted infections in the Moscow region over 5 years, per 100,000 population.

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2. Fig. 2. The structure of the incidence of sexually transmitted infections in the Moscow region in 2020–2021, %.

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3. Fig. 3. Dynamics of morbidity (per 100,000 population): a ― syphilis; b ― gonococcal infection; c ― trichomoniasis; d ― chlamydia infections; e ― anogenital herpes; f ― anogenital warts. РФ ― Russian Federation; ЦФО ― Central Federal District.

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4. Fig. 4. Dynamics of the structure of syphilis patients in the Moscow region for 2019–2021, %.

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5. Fig. 5. Dynamics of syphilis structure by clinical forms in the Moscow region for 5 years, %.

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СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
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